Sunday, 29 July 2012

Timor-Leste: Political Independence but Economic Dependence

Indonesian President SBY and Timor-Leste Prime Minister Xanana

Timor-Leste defeated Indonesia's 24 year long occupation, but is increasingly economically dependent and dominated by its former occupier.

After 13 years of international presence in Timor-Leste and ten years since the restoration of independence the country now has to turn to Indonesia to help free its people from poverty.  Western countries that helped Timorese gain independence are not investing its in economic development other than through ineffective aid projects.

Despite 14 billion dollars from donor countries and UN being spent on developing Timor-Leste and billions more from the Petroleum Fund Timorese people remain among the poorest in Asia.

The Government, under Prime Ministers Alkatiri, Ramos-Horta and Xanana Gusmao, have consistently stated that justice for the crimes of 1975-99 are not as important a priority as freeing the people of the Timor-Leste from poverty.  The Timorese Government was unable to free its people from poverty in partnership with the wider international community; it is now turning to the old enemy to develop Timor-Leste.

Since 2008 the expansion and deepening of relations with Indonesia has grown dramatically.  The Indonesian business community in Dili has grown both in size and influence. It is developing dominance in critical national infrastructure development along with many other areas.

1. Petro sector: Timor-Leste depends almost entirely on Indonesia for supplies of fuel.  And recently Indonesian state oil company Pertamina signed an agreement with new Timor state oil company TimorGAP to dominate the petrol station sector across all districts. Prime Minister Gusmao has also consulted widely with Indonesian actors in East Java in developing the South coast supply base as part of the Tasi Mane mega project.

2. Recently, TELIN a subsidiary of Indonesia’s state owned and largest telcoms company TELKOSMEL won a license to operate a telcoms network in Timor-Leste.

3. Indonesian operators Merpati and Batavia dominate the air transport sector in Timor-Leste.

4. Indonesian bank Mandiri is the preferred financial institution for unregulated financial transactions by Indonesian businesses with their Timorese partners.

5.  Indonesia’s shipping hub in Surabaya dominates shipping routes to and from Timor-Leste.

6.  Indonesian educational institutions remain the preferred destination for the majority of Timorese university students.

7. Indonesian government departments are rapidly becoming the dominant development partners for all of Timor-Leste’s ministries to improve the civil service.

8. The Indonesian national police service is expanding its cooperation and assistance to Timorese national police.

9. In a dramatic and important move in 2011 after the visit of former Vice President and Commander of the Indonesian military General Tri Sutrisno, the opening of Timorese and Indonesian military cooperation has begun in earnest.

10.  Indonesian suppliers are already providing a range of non-lethal material to Timorese security institutions, and weapons and ammunition transfer are inevitable.

11. Indonesian business played a key role in financing a number of political parties in the recent national elections.

12.  While the Government is spending billions on reconstruction of Timorese infrastructure that was destroyed by the Indonesian army and its Timorese allies, the vast majority of building supplies are Indonesian in origin.

13.  Timor-Leste is now receiving thousands of Indonesian migrant workers who are beginning to dominate certain areas of the labor force and service industries.

While Timorese dollars flow eastwards to Indonesian businesses that profit from increased cooperation many people ask how long does the Timorese population have to wait for substantive justice and reconciliation?  The Indonesian establishment still finds it hard to return the remains of Nicolau Lobato and many other disappeared heroes such as Mau Hudo, David Alex, and Sabalae.

President SBY, who has shown himself to be sympathetic to Timorese feelings on these matters has also proven to be unable to generate results.  With Prabowo Subianto being the current front runner to replace SBY things will possibly become more complicated.

Given that Indonesia is not only benefitting from Timor-Leste reconstruction and that it is exerting economic dominance, in addition to longstanding Timorese patience, it is important that old wounds be closed while the opportunity still exists.

Monday, 23 July 2012


Tempo Semanal, July 17th 2012

The parliamentary election, which ran on the 7th of July, 2012, were very successful and our nation chose and voted for 4 political parties. Even though after the CNRT Conference on July 15th the CNRT members rejected the party to coalition with FRETILIN the violence erupted the capital of the nation and several districts of east Timor. 

During last monday violence almost one hundred cars been stones more then dozens hospitalize, one dead, some house been burnt including schools building after CNRT vote for FRETILIN to remain as the opposition party for the second term.

During the recent parliamentary electoral process the international community and the President of the Republic saw the following concern – of whether the outcome of this election will be accepted by those who may not be successful.

“Sadly, the violence that took place on July 15th did not come from those who were unsuccessful in the parliamentary elections but rather have come from those who won. This is something that the President was not prepared for and therefore is concerned,” Taur express his concerned.

A day after (16/07) the violence erupted in several districts in East Timor, President of the Republic met with the President of CNRT, the President and Secretary-General of FRETILIN, the Secretary-General of PD and Deputy President of FRENTE- MUNDANSA which successful parties of the parliamentary election). The President of the Republic shared with them his concerns of the violence which took place and asked for their support to appeal to their members to each contribute to a calm and peaceful situation in our country.

Taur Matan Ruak said, “violence is not the way to democracy! We all condemn violence!”

Former East Timor Defence force commander furthermore stated, “there is no justification to use violence as a measure to resolve issues. There are political and democratic means to find a way to move forward.”

The four political parties leaders have all pledged to support the President to maintain a calm situation so that once again Timor- Leste can truly show to the world that they are able to move forward on theur own as a nation.

The President Taur, expresses his solidarity with those victims in the violence and apologises to all those who have felt offended, and felt effected in this stage where Timor-Leste is strengthening her democracy to move ahead.

As the President I ask once again that we all are understanding and help each other. What has already passed to put behind us and move forward, to walk together, to raise the profile of our nation and to elevate our dignity.
Once again, I thank you all.

Answered the questions from the journalist on the issue of coalitions between the parties may changed after the violence, Taur said, “President of the Republic does not influence political parties to choose whatever options they may want to choose to lead the nation in the coming five years. The President, in accordance with the mandate, swears in the new Prime Minister and the government of the people - the most voted party with the coalition they may want to choose. The final results shall be declared and published in the nations Official Bulletin. Soon we may see what will happen, whether if what has come out of the CNRT conference will be maintained or otherwise - the President is available. From there the President will announce accordingly. However, all of this will be based on the mandate the Constitution has afforded him.”

He continues, “very soon we are embarking on the process for our new Legislature and the next Constitutional Government and this will begin next month, in August 2012.”

Despite the violence Taur confident that UNMIT still going to leave in the end of this year. “Following this will be the negotiations and subsequent mandate of the UN’s next missions which will be very different to the current one.”

East Timor President thanks to the contributions of everyone – political parties, state institutions, the international community, civil society, religious convictions, security and defense institutions and the people - all have contributed greatly.

“As the President of the Republic, I thank you all. And I ask that the entire nation, all institutions, in collaboration with the President continue preparing for the processes to come to be successful in Timor-Leste’s history,” said Taur.

East timor President also congratulates the four parties who’ve won during the recent parliamentary elections. And the President expresses his admiration and solidarity and complete respect to all the political parties and coalitions that were unsuccessful in this race to maintain their presence in the coming legislature.

During the electoral campaigns of the parliamentary elections were contested by 18 political parties and three coalitions and they were able to go out to the entire nation to inform them of their respective programs and policies.

Sunday, 15 July 2012

Diskursu Prezidente Partidu CNRT, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão ba Konferénsia Nasional Formasaun V Governu RDTL

DOMINGU, 15 July 2012


Caríssimos conferencistas 

Quadros do Partido Companheiros

Ita hotu rona no hatene ona resultado kona ba eleisoens. Lori Partido nia naran, ha’u hakarak:
- fó parabéns ba Povo tomak, tamba partisipasaun nebé diak, hodi hakiak no haburas tolerância nebé boot no hatudu maturidade política ne’ebé ás tebes; - fó parabéns ba militantes Partido CNRT nian, nebé durante campanha iha fulan tomak ida nia laran, iha fatin hotu-hotu, hatudu civismo nebé kapaz tebes, hatudu espírito cidadania nebé fó respeito ba Partido.

- fó parabéns ba quadros Partido, nebé hatene hanorin no eduka militantes sira atu tane metin tolerância no respeito malu, nudar valores democráticos fundamentais ba hametin Estado ne’e.
CNRT manán no agora ita nia doben Partido mak Partido boot liu iha ita nia Rain. Parabéns ba militantes sira, parabéns ba estrutura tomak, parabéns ba imi hotu, tamba imi nia servisu maka’as, iha tinan 5 nia laran.

Ha’u fo lembra atu ita labele haluha: Iha 2007, Partido mosu iha deit fulan rua antes de eleições; iha 2012, Partido hala’o tiha ona nia actividades iha tinan 5 nia laran.

Iha 2007, timoroan barak fiar katak CNRT, nudar Partido, bele ajuda resolve problemas oi-oin nebé ita hotu enfrenta tempo nebá. Iha 2012, timoroan barak liu tan maka fiar katak CNRT maka bele kaer metin no hatudu Plano diak ida atu la’o tuir dalan desenvolvimento nian.

Companheiros conferencistas sira Quadros Partido nian

Tuir plano, Conferência ida ne’e sei hala’o iha fulan Dezembro mai né nia laran, atu haré ba Programa tinan lima Partido nian, nebé quadros hotu-hotu tenki hatene ho diak no, liuliu, oinsá Partido nia estrutura tomak, to’o Subdistritos, sira bele envolve-an atu participa iha implementasaun Programa né.

Haré tuir resultado nebé iha, CNRT hetan deit 46 %, nebé corresponde ba 30 assentos iha Parlamento Nacional. Lós duni katak ita hetan sucesso boot, iha tinan lima nia laran, tamba ita hetan aumento husi 18 ba 30 assentos ka kadeiras. Maibé, Partido la konsegue manán Maioria atu ukun mesak, tuir Programa Consolidação Estado, programa ne’ebé Partido hakarak implementa.

Nudar Partido ho tinan 5 maibé nudar Partido nebé boot liu, ita iha dever atu analisa beibeik processo desenvolvimento Partido nian rasik.

Iha Conferência nebé ita hala’o, iha fulan Janeiro kotuk bá, ita buka sukat ita nia kbit atu kompete iha eleisoens, ita buka haré ba estimativas, husi kartoens nebé bele fahe ba militantes foun no husi dificuldades nebé iha fatin ida-ida ita bele hetan.

Nune’e, caríssimos conferencistas, ha’u sei fo hanoin kona ba pontos hirak nebé tuir mai né:
A – kona ba Partido nia estruturas no nia quadros, husi Distritos to’o Base,
nia kbit no nia servisu;

B – kona ba Partido nia sistema informasaun no análise, atu Partido labele
monu ba sala rua: 1- halo nia apresiasaun kamán demais, katak la
hatúr iha kondisoens nebé reais no 2 – espírito satisfação ka kontente
nebé fácil tebe-tebes, hodi haluha tiha factores intervenientes
exteriores, katak husi liur;

C – kona ba dever Partido nian atu servisu maka’as liu tan iha edukasaun
cívica ba cidadãos sira.

Ha’u sei husik assuntos sira né ba CPN atu haré, bain-hira tempo to’o atu hala’o reflexão ne’e. Iha tinan lima mai né, ita hotu tenki hadia ita nia hahalok no Partido tenki tau matan ba

problemas nebé bele mosu no dificuldades nebé bele hasoru. Só nune’e, maka Partido bele sai forte liu tan, ho kbit liu tan hodi hetan fiar, nebé boot liu, husi Povo.

Ba oin, Partido sei buka, tinan ida dala ida, hala’o mini-conferências, atu hasai beibeik sasukat ida ba Partido tomak nia hahalok, husi Nacional to’o Base, hodi simu hanoin, krítikas no opiniões nebé diak atu hametin Partido, nudar organização política nebé hetan abut husi ita nia povo. Partido mós sei buka, iha cada fulan nén, atu Comissão Política Nacional no Comissão Directiva Nacional, hasoru malu atu haré ba impacto positivo ka negativo, husi actividades Parlamento no Governo, ba Povo no ba Nação.

Partido mós tenki organiza diak liu nia Departamento de Análise política e social, atu ita bele compreende diak liu tan sociedade tomak nia hahalok no nia komportamentu político, hodi bele husik hela referência diak ida ba futuro.
Caríssimos conferencistas Quadros Partido nian Iha Conferência nebé ita hala’o, iha fulan Janeiro kotuk bá, iha decisão katak ita sei ko’alia kona ba koligasaun, depois de resultado eleisoens hatudu presisa duni ka lae.

Agora ita tama iha assunto ida ne’ebé lori ita mai hamutuk iha ne’e, atu hatutan hanoin ba malu, hasai opiniões ba malu, rona malu, partisipa iha dicussão ho laran no kakutak malirin. Ho liafuan badak, maka: atu debate kona ba koligasaun.
Iha Rai hotu-hotu no mós iha ita nia sistema, Partido ida atu kaer ukun precisa garante ‘estabilidade governativa’. Ita labele konfunde ‘estabilidade governativa’ ho ‘estabilidade nacional’, buat rua nebé la hanesan. ‘Estabilidade governativa’ katak ‘governo ida ne’ebé sei la monu iha dalan klaran’. Tamba sá maka temi ‘la monu’? Tamba governo mai husi Parlamento, governo tenki iha maioria ida nebé fó apoio ba iniciativas governo ne’e nian, hahú husi hato’o nia programa ba tinan 5. Tuir Constituição, karik maka programa la passa dala rua, governo monu. Iniciativas seluk maka Orçamento tinan-tinan no karik la hetan apoio maioria nian,

Governo la iha ona kbit atu hala’o nia programa tinan-tinan ho diak. Bain-hira ida ne’e akontese, governo fraco tebes no bele hamosu moção de censura, husi nebé governo bele hetan voto de não konfiansa no bele monu. Iniciativas seluk mak hanesan Lei ruma nebé tenki ba defende. Né duni, atu bele hala’o ho estabilidade iha nia governação, governo precisa atu hetan apoio husi maioria ida iha Parlamento.

Nudar Partido, ita tenki habitua-an atu halo análises nebé klean, ho ulun malirin, hodi hasés-an husi emosoens no hodi evita haburas dúvidas iha ita hotu ka ida-idak ka ba ita nia militantes sira nia hanoin no liuliu evita lori hela dúvidas kona ba decisões ne’ebé karik ita tenki hasai. Evita confuzoens iha sociedade nia laran, evita halimar fali ho cidadãos sira nia sentimento.

Tuir ita nia Constituição, governo bele mai husi Partido nebé manán eleição ka Partido vencedor, maibé karik la konsegue, bele mai husi ‘maioria parlamentar’ ida nebé halibur partidos balun.

Iha 2007, Partido FRETILIN maka manán eleição no hetan 21 assentos ka kadeiras. Tamba Partido vencedor la consegue halibur partidos seluk atu hetan maioria iha parlamento, maka CNRT, ho 18 cadeiras, hamutuk ho partidos 3 (ASDT, PSD no PD) hahú Coligação nebé baibain temi nudar AMP (Aliança da Maioria Parlamentar) no ikus ona hetan tan participação husi UNDERTIM.

Ohin, 2012, CNRT mak Partido vencedor, ho 30 assentos, FRETILIN ho 25, PD ho 8 no Mudança ho 2.
Caríssimos Conferencistas Quadros do Partido Ho ida né, ha’u sei apresenta cenários hirak tuir mai né:

i) Tamba ita temi beibeik katak, karik ita la hetan kadeiras 33, ita sei ba deit oposição. Nune’e, primeiro cenário maka CNRT iha Oposição. Nudar consequência natural, sei mosu coligação FRETILIN ho PD, nebé sei fó ba sira 33 cadeiras, ne’ebé sira precisa atu hetan maioria parlamentar, hodi bele kaer governo no kaer ukun.
Conferência tenki hahú debates sira ho cenário ida ne’e; karik decide kona ba atu CNRT hela iha oposição, ita sei lalika discute cenários sira seluk.
Mak akontese duni, interessante tebetebes maka, iha repetição ba sá-ida maka mosu tiha ona iha 2007, bain-hira Partido vencedor la ba kaer ukun, tamba la iha Maioria Parlamentar.

ii) Cenário ida seluk haré ona ba Interesses Nacionais kona ba Estabilidade Nacional no Projecto Comum ba Desenvolvimento do País, hodi hamosu, ba ita nia debates, opções ka alternativas tuir mai né:

1 – Governo de Unidade Nacional, katak Partidos hotu-hotu sei kaer hamutuk Ukun. Conferencistas sira sei debate kona ba vantagens no desvantagens ba ita nia processo construção Estado.
Opção ida né keta diak ba ita nia Rain karik – diak iha sá-ida i Governo nia papel oinsá, hodi fó kbit nafatin ba Parlamento atu bele hala’o nia knar fiscalização.
Se opção né la diak – la diak iha sá-ida, tamba sá maka la diak, sei mosu obstáculos karik iha nebé, oinsá maka construção Estado bele metin ka lae.

2 - Governo de Inclusão, nebé fó sai hanoin katak sei iha acordo programático ida ho Partidos sira, maibé sira sei exerce nafatin sira nia papel nudar Oposição no, karik bele temi, iha mos portfólios balun nebé sei fahe ho partidos seluk.
Companheiros sira mak sei debate alternativa ida né, atu haré ba nia exequibilidade (katak bele hala’o ka lae), vantagens no desvantagens ba processo democrático.
Alternativa ida né, diak iha nebé – oinsá ita hatúr acordo né ho knar oposição bele la’o sem ofende malu, katak sem cria problemas ba malu.
Opção ida né, se la diak – la diak iha nebé, Governo nia kbit to’o iha nebé no Oposição nia dever to’o iha nebé, atu haré ba ita nia processo democrático nia desenvolvimento rasik.

iii) Iha último cenário, ho hanoin katak CNRT atu kaer ukun, mak mosu mós opções ka alternativas rua:

1 - Coligação CNRT ho FRETILIN, nebé sei fo hamutuk 55 kadeiras iha Parlamento no Oposição sei hetan deit 10 kadeiras.
Conferencistas sira mak sei debate kona ba vantagens no desvantagens ba ita nia processo democrático no nia impacto iha futuro ba ita nia sistema.

2 - CNRT ho Mudança no PD, mak hamosu Coligação, nebé sei fó total de 40 assentos iha Parlamento. Conferencistas sira mak sei debate, hodi haré mós ba experiência tinan 5 nebé hotu daudauk ona né, hodi tetu nia vantagens no desvantagens ba processo democrático no governativo.
Ba Cenários no Opções sira né hotu, husu ba Companheiros Conferencistas sira atu debate, nudar quadros políticos nebé responsáveis, quadros políticos nebé hatudu maturidade mós. Ha’u hakarak fo hanoin ba Conferencistas sira katak debates ne’e debates políticos atu lori ita ba hasai decisão nebé lós.
Caríssimos Conferencistas

Quadros do Partido

Maski nudar Partido Político foun, ho deit tinan 5, Partido tenki haburas consciência participativa husi quadros, liuliu husi distritos sira, hodi nuné bele hatutan, to’o iha bases, decisões nebé ita hasai atu salvaguarda interesses nacionais.
Interesses nacionais mak sá-ida lós, iha konjuntura nebé ita liu daudauk né?

1 - estabilidade nacional, hodi UNMIT no ISF bele fila no komunidade internasional fiar katak, ita sai tiha ona duni husi perigo atu sai Estado falhado, no bele hamrik mesak ona ho ita nia ain-rua rasik, kaer ho ita nia liman rua rasik, no hanoin ho ita nia ulun rasik.

Kona ba estabilidade, iha tinan 5 nia laran ne’ebé liu daudauk né, ho participação partidos hotu-hotu nian, instituições Estado hanesan Presidencia da República, Parlamento rasik, no mós husi sociedade civil, liuliu husi Igreja, ita consegue garante tiha duni estabilidade iha ita nia Rain.

Factor ida seluk mós ba estabilidade nacional, mak ha’u bele temi: reformas iha instituições F-FDTL no PNTL nia laran, hodi cria cultura profissionalismo, não-apartidarismo no disciplina, hodi mós tau matan ba promoções, tuir deit mérito cada membro nian.

Ha’u temi instituições rua né, tamba importante atu, tuir Constituição RDTL, forças militares no policiais labele exige, ka intervém, ka influencia decisões políticas. Ita nia maluk Guiné-Bissau sira mak fo exemplo at tebe-tebes ida, kona ba interferência ba política, husi militares no policiais sira. Rai barak iha África monu iha onda de violência no conflito político, ne’ebé la konsegue hakotu, tamba problemas hanesan.

Timor-Leste sorte boot iha Forças Armadas (F-FDTL) no Policiais (PNTL) nebé profissionais daudaun ona, no sira lakohi interfere iha decisões políticas husi Partidos sira, tamba Forças Armadas no Policiais sira hatene hakru’uk ba Constituição RDTL, Constituição ne’ebé proibe sira atu hala’o influência ho carácter político.

Ne’e hotu, tamba instituições rua ne’e iha ona consciência katak sira mak sei defende no tane ás Estado de direito democrático ida ne’e, no lakohi tan mosu conflito ruma nebé sei mai harahun deit fali ita.

Timor-Leste mós sorte boot tamba, depois de crise 2006-2007, ita nia povo hatudu ona lakohi tan violência no adopta ho consciência moto: ‘Adeus conflito, benvindo desenvolvimento’. Moto ida né maka rai barak, husi Estados frágeis, buka mós adopta, atu hasés-an ona husi dalan at, ne’ebé halo sira nia sociedade tomak terus beibeik.

Tan né, maka tuir plano, UNMIT ho ISF sei sai tomak iha tinan ida ne’e ramata. F-FDTL ho PNTL hatene katak, karik to’o tinan ne’e ramata, ita rungu-ranga fali ho conflitos no violência, susar atu comunidade internacional bele dehan ita iha ona kbit atu tane mesak Estado de direito democrático ida ne’e. Ita sei lakohi atu comunidade internacional dehan katak, ita mak hatudu ita sei precisa nafatin ajuda husi liur (UNMIT no ISF) iha tinan lima mai né tan, atu ajuda ita hotu bele hatan consciência katak ita rasik maka tenki tau matan ba ita nia Estado, ba ita nia Povo no ba ita nia Nasaun.

2 – atu viabiliza Estado de direito democrático, hodi hametin nafatin instituições Estado nian no hametin ita nia sistema ‘checks and balances’ bele sai efectivu duni.

Estado de direito katak, Estado ida iha nebé lei maka manda. Lei Inan maka Constituição i instituições, organizações ka individuo hotu-hotu tenki hakru’uk ba Lei Inan ne’e.
Democrático katak ita nia sistema ne’e democracia ho partidos barak no mós katak povo mak fó legitimidade ba partidos, nebé sira hili, atu hasai decisões rasik.

Iha tinan lima, ita halo reformas lubuk ida atu hametin Estado, bele sai forte liu tan. Iha sistema democrático nebé ita iha, princípio ‘checks and balances’ fundamental tebes.

‘Checks and balances’ katak, iha instituições nebé bele controla malu, bele iha knar atu fiscaliza malu, hodi evita buat oi-oin nebé fragiliza, katak hafraku no bele hamonu deit Estado. Bain-hira la iha sistema ‘checks and balances’, bele ona mosu tendência autoritarismo nebé excessivo liu, hodi hakbesik-an ba ditadura. Tamba sá? Tamba la iha oposição nebé forte no Estado lakon controle ba nia an rasik.

Sociedade civil, husi Igreja to’o NGOs, tenki haré mós ba assunto ida ne’e, nebé importante tebes ba ita nia Estado nebé sei nurak.

Kuando ita la iha ona ‘checks and balances’, ita sei monu ba perigo boot, hanesan ne’e - halo tuir malu deit ka agrada malu deit, polítika proteje malu sei maka’as, tendência incontrolável (tidak bisa dihindari) no descontrolada (tidak bisa dihentikan) atu fo benefícios ba malu. Hahalok sira ne’e hotu nia resultado maka: Povo maka sei sofre duni no Estado sei monu.

Princípio ‘transparência’ sei monu no princípio ‘acontabilidade’ sei la iha, tamba bele manipula ona, husi polítika proteje malu, tamba la iha ona ‘fiscalização’ nebé forte. ‘Fiscalização forte’ só bele mosu husi ‘oposição ne’ebé forte’.
Iha processo viabilização Estado de direito democrático, Estado só forte quando forças políticas atu controla, katak atu hala’o ‘checks and balances’, mós forte. Ne’e, dialéctica inevitável, imprescendível, ba Estado de direito democrático. Husi hanoin ida ne’e, maka ita bele temi ona princípio ‘alternância de poder’. ‘Alternância de poder’ la ós tinan lima-lima tenki akontece. Maibé ‘alternância de poder’ sempre sei mosu iha momento exacto conjuntura social, política no económica, iha sociedade ida nia processo democrático atu hili nia legítimos representantes.

Tamba né, princípio ‘alternância do poder’ ezije, por sua vez, oposição nebé forte ho kbit atu dehan no hatudu ba povo katak poder tenki muda ona ba sira nia liman. Bain-hira povo fó fiar, povo rasik sei fó legitimidade liu husi fó sira nia votos, iha eleição.

3 - desenvolvimento nacional, aspecto ida husi ‘interesses nacionais’, hodi fo hakat nebé precisa atu hadia ita nia rain no hadia povo nia moris, tuir Plano Estratégico nebé iha ona.

Condição fundamental atu hala’o programas de desenvolvimento maka estabilidade iha rai-laran. Ne’e lós!
Dala ruma, ita bele hanoin katak ‘desenvolvimento’ mak ‘projectos físicos’ halo estradas, pontes, escolas, postos sanitários, bé mós, irrigação ba agricultura, acessos ba zonas rurais. Ne’e, parte ida; importante, lós duni.
Mas bain-hira ita temi kona ba haburas economia atu hamenus dependencia ba mina-rai, ita temi kona ba investimentos husi liur. Ita mesak, sei labele halo buat barak – ita tenki reconhece ida ne’e ho humildade no ho consciência no cometimento atu hetan, iha futuro, kbit nebé ita seidauk iha.

Kestaun importante tebes ida, kona ba aspecto ida né, maka ‘factor confiança’. Iha mundu globalizado ida nebé ita, hakarak ka lakohi, moris iha laran, mundu ka Rai Liur, besik ita ka dook, acompanha hela, haré tuir no analisa ita nia hahalok ka actos, husi polítika, husi legal, husi social (sociedade nia comportamento), atu bele harí, kona ba ita, ‘factor confiança’ né.

Aspectos hotu-hotu nebé temi iha leten kona ba ‘Estado de direito democrático’, mak sai matéria ka critério ba sira atu halo avaliasaun ba ita, nudar sociedade, nudar Estado no nudar Nasaun. Iha fatin hotu-hotu iha mundu, investimento estrangeiro atu tama ba Rai ida, buat nebé sira tauk liu mak corrupção. Kuandu ne’e akontese, corrupção la ós kiik, mas boot. Problema ida ne’e, maka sai desafio boot ba ita nia Estado, ba ita nia Nação, ba ita nia Povo. E Povo sei la hatene, se ‘controlo iha instituições Estado’ la iha, tamba ita rame-rame controla hotu tiha ona. Se ita iha sistema forte ba ‘checks and balances’, sira fiar kona ba ita nia ‘transparência’, kona ba ita nia ‘acontabilidade’, kona ba ‘controlo instituições Estado’ nebé iha no ba ‘controlo social’ nebé diak.

Factor confiança ne’e, maka sei motiva sira atu mai investe iha ita nia Rain.
Ita tenki ko’alia kona ba aspectos sira né hotu, atu, nudar Partido Político ida, ita bele hetan quadro geral nebé diak ba processo ‘construção Estado’ iha ita nia Rain, ne’ebé foin iha tinan sanulu. Ita tenki fó garantia ba geração sira nebé sei mai tuir, atu labele lakon sentido lós no metin ba ‘interesses nacionais’.

Companheiros conferencistas sira Quadros Partido nian

Aspectos tolu nebé temi tiha ona, pertence ba ita nia Rai Laran. Ha’u sei fó mós hanoin ba ita nia Relação ho Rai Liur. Kona ba né, interesses nacionais maka:

- confiansa husi ita nia maluk, rai vizinhos sira, liuliu ASEAN, hodi nuné ita bele tama iha Bloco Regional nebé importante ba ita, hodi labele isolado demais. Ita hotu rona kona ba Rai Belun balun, nebé tau reserva (mempertanyakan) kona ba ita bele ona ka seidauk bele, atu tama iha ASEAN. Factor boot ida nebé mosu, uluk liu, maka: tamba ita seidauk iha kbit atu haré rasik ba ita nia seguransa Rai Laran, hodi ita husu ajuda ba ONU atu mai fó seguransa mai ita, nudar Nasaun, ho UNPOL nebé mai mós husi Rai sira husi Asia ho tan ISF (Austrália ho Nova Zelândia), né katak ita seidauk bele hamrik mesak ho ita nia Ain-rua. Se ita sei precisa beibeik ka nafatin, ema seluk husi Rai Asia nian, atu mai proteje (menjaga) ita nia Estado, ita seidauk preparado atu ba sai membro ASEAN.

Assunto ida fali mós, maka: confiança nafatin, husi comunidade internacional, ba ita nia liderança iha ‘g7+’, tamba ita bele hatudu iha prática katak ita la’o ho diak. Depois de hala’o tiha Diálogo Internacional iha Dili, iha Abril 2010, kona ba ‘Construção da Paz no Construção do Estado’, ita hetan fiar husi Rai 17, ho populasaun hamutuk liu 350 milhões. Ba ita rasik, ‘construção da paz’ sei hakotu iha tinan ida ne’e, hodi haré ona ba ‘construção Estado’. Iha ita nia liderança iha Grupo ‘g7+’, importante tebetebes, tamba ita ajuda Rai sira, nebé sei iha susar nia laran, atu hetan Lian Ida deit hodi hato’o problemas nebé hanesan ba hotu-hotu, hodi muda tiha sistema kona ba ‘ajuda internacional’, atu bele sai efectivu liu no fó benefícios ba povos Rai sira né nian.

Tamba ita lidera hela, ita tenki buka hatudu exemplo nebé diak, kona ba construção Estado de direito democrático. Ha’u partisipa, dala hat tui-tuir malu ona, iha ‘Bali Democracy Forum’, nebé tinan-tinan Líderes Rai barak liu tan mak ba koalia kona Democracia no Estado.

Decisões nebé ita atu halo, labele hasés-an husi princípios fundamentais nebé ita defende, hodi ajuda haburas democracia no participação iha mundu tomak.

- confiança husi comunidade internacional, atu bele simu ita nia partisipasaun iha missões ‘peacekeeping’ nian, husi PNTL no F-FDTL.

Ita hetan orgulho, bain-hira ita nia PNTL ho F-FDTL bele partisipa, mesmo ke oitoan, iha missões de paz. Nudar Rai beneficiário ida, desde 1999 to’o ohin loron, kona ba missões de paz husi comunidade internacional, ita sei haka’as an nafatin atu bele hetan oportunidade atu ba fali ajuda povos seluk atu hetan hakmatek, hodi haré ba sira nia futuro.Karik ita iha rai-laran, mak rungu-ranga, estraga malu, oho malu, sunu uma ba malu, oinsá ita bele hanoin ba ajuda rai seluk, oinsá ita bele hanoin foti ita nia Rain nia imagem.

Caríssimos conferencistas Quadros do Partido

Interesses nacionais sira né, mak sei orienta uluk ita nia debates ba cenários no opções oi-oin. Ha’u husu fila fali atu rona, koalia ho ulun malirin, hodi aprende buat diak ruma husi Conferência ne’e. Ita la os mai iha ne’e, atu hatun malu ka hatún ema seluk. Conferências hanesan ida ne’e tenki sai mós hanesan formação política ba quadros Partido nian.
Companheiros sira hotu

Partido político ida, bain-hira nia hamrik, nia hanoin katak nia bele contribui fo resposta nebé diak ba Povo no Nação nia interesses. Nuné maka, tuir mai ita mós sei tetu Partido CNRT nia interesses iha debates nebé ita sei hala’o.
Partido CNRT nia interesses mak sá-ida?

Partido nia interesses maka Objectivos Políticos Partido nian. Objectivos Partido nian maka halibur ita atu organiza-an no mobiliza ita nia povo atu hatene no defende. Ida ne’e maka ita hala’o no ida né maka halo ema fiar ba Partido.

Objectivos Partido nian maka halo, iha 2007, ho fulan 2 deit, CNRT bele hetan fiar nebé boot no sai 2o Partido iha ita nia Rain. Objectivos nebé hatán ba povo nia hanoin no nia halerik, nia expectativa no nia angústia, iha 2007. Iha conjuntura concreta no decisiva ida nebá, Partido CNRT bele simu confiança boot, nudar organização política foun ida, tamba objectivos nebé nia traça iha tinan nebá.

Conjuntura katak ‘tempo determinado’ ida nebé bele badak ka bele naruk. Sá-ida maka define conjuntura ida maka, iha situação geral ida, aspectos oi-oin nebé sai hanesan conjunto ida ba situação né. Aspectos sira né bele temi hanesan ‘actividades’, bele temi hanesan ‘problemas’, bele temi hanesan ‘desafios’. Ita maka tenki hatúr desafios ka problemas sira né, tuir sira nia importância no sira nia todan, hodi fó hatene ba ita, atu hahú resolve sira nebé boot liu, hodi hamenus todan problemas sira seluk nian.

Tempo ne’e bele semana ida ka rua, bele fulan nen, bele tinan ida, bele tinan 3 ka tinan lima ka liu tan. Conjuntura sei muda, bain-hira ita bele fo resposta diak ba desafios ka problemas sira nebé boot ka todan liu, iha momento nebé mosu. Iha perspectiva ida né, Conjuntura nebé mosu maka ‘tempo determinado’ ida nebé naruk, to’o tinan lima nian.
Iha 2007, Conjuntura ida nebé nia desafio boot maka ‘instabilidade política no social’. Tamba ita nia análise kona ba causas da crise, crise rasik no consequências husi crise, maka ita nia análise ba Conjuntura tinan lima nian (2007-2012) maka desafio atu ‘reforça instituições Estado nian’, liu husi reformas nebé ita consegue hala’o duni.
Iha 2012, conjuntura foun ida mosu. Iha semana ida nia laran, ita hetan desafio boot, nebé ita bele hanaran ‘conjuntura política’ atu decide kona ba ‘formação governo’ ba tinan lima.

Desafio ne’e boot, tamba sai hanesan problema no 1 – buat hotu sei depende ba decisão ida nebé ita atu hasai kona ba: ba kaer governo ka lae, karik kaer, kaer ho sé no oinsá.

Haré tuir rezultados nebé ita hetan, iha tinan lima nia laran, sá-ida deit maka ita consegue hetan, nudar sucesso, maka halo ita traça programa foun ba 2012-2017, nebé sai nudar matéria ba ita nia campanha eleitoral.

Partido nia Objectivos maka Programa nebé ita fó sai tiha ona ba Povo, iha fulan ida nia laran. Ita nia militantes sira hili tuir ita nia programa, nebé hatúr iha bases sólidas. Bases sólidas sira né mai husi sucesso ba governação tinan lima nian no iha Plano Estratégico Desenvolvimento.

Nuné, conjuntura foun nebé ita haré ba Tinan Lima mai né, maka: - continua reforça instituições Estado nian; - hahú fó hakat nebé metin ba desenvolve Nação; - hadia lalais condição moris povo nian.

CNRT, Partido ida nebé la promete buat ida ba povo, durante campanha nia laran: CNRT, Partido ida nebé, iha análise diak ida ba conjunturas Nação nian, maka fó nia compromisso tomak atu kumpre nia programa.

Programa né mak sai Interesses Partido CNRT nian! Caríssimos conferencistas Quadros do Partido

La hasés-an husi quadro geral interesses nacionais nian, nudar Partido político ne’ebé prova ona, iha tinan 5 nia laran, nia participação total iha programas de acção no participação consistente ho nia princípios, CNRT sei buka contribui nafatin ho actuação directa iha ukun nia laran.

Ho hanoin ida ne’e, maka ha’u ramata hodi fó ona fatin ba debates atu hahú, nebé tenki lori mensagem política nebé positiva, nebé sai husi análise abrangente ida, iha processo diálogo nebé construtivo.

Né duni, ha’u sei konvida imi hotu atu buka halo parte iha Grupos de Trabalho Tolu, atu hala’o discussão kona ba cenários nebé ha’u fó sai tiha ona. Hotu tiha, maka husi Grupo ida sei hato’o resultado ba discussão, atu loke debates badak hodi hasai decisão partido nian. Remata tiha, Grupo seluk sei hato’o mos sira nia konkluzaun, atu loke debates foun, ba Partido atu konsidera no halo decisão, hodi fó tempo ba terceiro Grupo atu halo nia apresentação ba debate iha Plenária.

Hotu ona, maka sei lê acta Conferência nian, ho decisões nebé hasai. Parabéns dala ida tan, hakoak boot, domin no respeito ba imi hotu! 

Díli, 15 de Julho de 2012.- 

Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão
Presidente do Partido

Xanana Prefers CNRT be the Opposition, or to Govern with a strong Opposition.


Today CNRT is holding  a national Conference held in the Dili Convention Center from 10am-5pm.
Xanana Gusmao
At this conference the President of CNRT Xanana Gusmao has stated indicated that a grand coalition with FRETILIN is not his desired option for the formation of the next Government of Timor-Leste.  But he seeks party consensus.

CNRT was second most voted party in 2007 and is now the first most voted party. Xanana congratulated his followers.   He told party members “that we are very successful during the last five years. Even though we did not win 50 plus 1 % to run the government alone we did win 30 seats.”

Xanana offered three options to the CNRT conference to discuss and decide the best option.  But Xanana indicated that it is his intention to have a strong opposition in the Parliament, which he also indicated that in his first option for the participants to think if CNRT wants to go to opposition. 

Xanana told his party member to choose to have a coalition with FRETILIN or PD and Frente Mudanca.

If the coalition of CNRT and FRETILIN is chosen it will have 55 seats in parliament and leaving PD and Frente Mudanca to opposition with ten seats. Xanana appealed to CNRT party members to discuss the impact of this coalition to the country’s democracy.

The second option is the coalition of CNRT, PD and Frente Mudanda which will have 40 seats in the Parliament. Xanana asked the participants to discuss on the performance of the five years experience of governing together with these parties considering the positive and negative aspects closely.

The CNRT conference participants are from all 13 districts. Eash district has 3 party senior members as representatives and 2 party members from each party of Timor-Leste’s 65 sub districts.

Xanana also appealed to the Defense force and Police to remain its neutrality not to intervene in the political matters.  “We don’t want to say to international community that we still need ISF and UNMIT to remain in the country.”

He also stated that Timor-Leste has in its interest to strengthen its democratic system as we always said “Check and balance,” is what we want and what we need.

“During the last five years our institutions played a fundamental role to keep check and balance. Whenever there is no check and balance system, totalitarianism which excessively close us to dictatorship is a danger.  Because of this we want a strong opposition, to help keep the State in check.” said Xanana.

But the party not able to gain an absolute victory to govern alone to implement those program which the party wants to implement.  IN the last 5 years CNRT has been able to defeat all the old parties including the historical and largest party, FRETILIN.

The Timor-Leste constitution said the government only ne formed by the party that wins the election. But if none win 50%  plus one the government can be formed by a coalition of parties forming a majority in Parliament.

In 2007 Fretilin was the first most voted party with 21 seats in Parliament. As the winning party FRETILIN was not able to form a majority coalition, so the President allowed CNRT as the second most voted party to form a government coalition with PD, PSD, ASDT and UNDERTIM.  Only PD remains, as PSD, ASDT and UNDERTIM were not able to win enough votes on the 7 July election to remain in Parliament.

Xanana stated that “In this 2012 election CNRT won 30 seats and FRETILIN 25, PD 8 and FRETILIN Mudanca 2. Because of this reason I have proposed several alternatives.  Firstly, we have always said if we cannot win 33 seats in Parliament lets go to Opposition. Xanana said if CNRT choose this option naturally FRETILIN and PD will form a coalition, which will have a majority in parliament with 33 seats, so they have right form the Government”.

Some analyst applauded the CNRT conference, which is televised life by TVTL. “This is a great show of democracy,” said an academic from East Timor National University which asked not to named.

Thursday, 12 July 2012

Timor-Leste Sues ConocoPhillips for Hundreds of Millions, Possibly Billions.

Just 3 days after the national elections, and confident of its future electoral mandate, the Government of Xanana Gusmao has announced that it is launching legal action against US oil and gas company ConocoPhilipps and others.

Timor-Leste's Petroleum Fund of over 11 Billion USD is almost entirely generated by the Bayu Undan project currently being operated by ConocoPhillips.

According to the Government press release from yesterday, Secretary of State for Natural Resources (Alfredo Pires), who is also a member of Xanana's CNRT party, stated that “It is a David and Goliath fight”, said Secretary of State for Natural Resources Alfredo Pires, adding that “hundreds of millions, possibly billions” is owed.

Tempo Semanal sources indicate that the Government is seeking to not only obtain back taxes but also to pressure Conoco into greater cooperation on proposed south coast oil and gas supply base engagement.  The Government also wants to ensure Conoco improve its development local businesses more serious as part of their engagement with Timor-Leste.  Despite claims its website that it engages with local business worldwide it does not do much in Timor-Leste.

The following is all Conoco has to say on local business on its website.

The Government states "
A key policy position of the Timor-Leste government boost the jobs and opportunity in the country."

Below is full release from Government.

The Secretary of State for the Council of Ministers and
Official Spokesperson for the Government of Timor-Leste
Ágio Pereira
July 10, 2012
Díli, Timor-Leste
Timor-Leste confirms action underway to reclaim taxes

The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste is engaged in legal action against multinational oil companies Conoco-Phillips and others to recover substantial monies it believes are rightfully owed the people of Timor-Leste under legal obligations stemming from production contracts in the JPDA, Joint Petroleum Development Authority. U.S. Ambassador and lawyer Pierre-Richard Prosper has been engaged to advise and represent the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste on matters related to the Petroleum sector, investment and infrastructure development. After audits by the relevant authorities in Timor-Leste 28 assessments have been made against oil companies.
Ambassador Prosper confirmed that “as part of that auditing process they (the relevant authorities) are discovering that there are large areas where there were discrepancies”.
“It is a David and Goliath fight”, said Secretary of State for Natural Resources Alfredo Pires, adding that “hundreds of millions, possibly billions” is owed. Under the terms of the JPDA, 90 per-cent of revenue is owned by Timor-Leste while the remaining 10 per cent is due to Australia. Ambassador Prosper urged Australian Taxation Office ATO officials to conduct similar due diligence audits of the revenues paid to it so far.

“I would assume they should be equally interested to find out if the companies are paying the appropriate taxes.”
Timor-Leste believes that in order for full disclosure and harmonization of taxation in the JPDA it remains in the interests of the Australian taxpayer for a taxation sharing Memorandum of Understanding to be signed between both nations. “In order to do the math, in order for Australia to be fully satisfied that taxes have been paid it is important to know what has, and what has not been paid, because you need the numbers to add up. In other words, there is a piece of the equation that is missing for both Timor and Australia and it makes sense that a tax authority, be it in Australia or Timor, would want to have that complete in order to come to a conclusion as to whether or not all taxes have been paid,” said Ambassador Prosper.

Mindful of the current debate in Australia about illegal migration, Ambassador Prosper re-iterated the Timor-Leste government view that there are strategic benefits for Australia in securing the economic future of its near neighbor. A key policy position of the Timor-Leste government is that a pipeline bring oil and gas from the Greater Sunrise field onshore Timor-Leste, to boost the jobs and opportunity in the country.
“We do not want to have a situation where there is a country to the north that is unstable,” said Ambassador Prosper, adding, “you want a country to the north that is a partner in trade, a partner in peace, so that you do not have chaos and migration issues that often sometimes plague this part of the world. “ENDS
Ágio Pereira +670 723 0011